Driverless vehicles and the law
Driverless vehicles is a good example of a situation where technology creates situations existing laws were not designed to deal with (we come across many of these in ITGS).
Which are the top autonomous vehicle ready countries? is a great top 20 table of countries across the world. Each is given a score based on factors including technology, infrastructure (for technology such as smart roads and Vehicle to Infrastructure communication), and
Global Survey of Autonomous Vehicle Regulations is a good summary of laws relating to driverless vehicles worldwide. In many cases countries have no specific laws relating to such vehicles,
or they are implicitly banned by existing legislation. However, several countries have made changes in this area. Driverless Car Rules in Flux examines the situation in Japan, Singapore, and Germany.
The NCSL has a good overview of the law regarding driverless vehicles in different US states. It is worth checking this site often as the legal situation changes quite frequently.
In February 2018 California moved to allow driverless cars to operate on its roads without a human backup driver being present. They would still require a human to remotely monitor the car however.
Autonomous Car Law in Europe summarises the legal situation, examining European Union laws and any changes made in individual countries.
In the UK, a three year legal review will occur before driverless cars will be allowed on public roads.
Driverless cars: the legal issues goes into more detail about some of the potential stumbling blocks for law makers.
In early 2018 China developed new regulations to catch up with the latest developments in self driving technology.
Previously Beijing had allowed testing of autonomous vehicles within the region provided they met certain requirements,
including the use of a human backup driver. The tests were also limited to designated roads at designated times.